KS4 Child Development

OCR Cambridge Nationals in Child Development

Working as a childcare professional requires an understanding of the care needs for children of all ages. It is important that childcare settings provide a safe and nurturing environment to care for babies and young children, as well as providing activities and support to help them develop. This qualification allows students to gain knowledge and skills to help provide such an environment for children. The knowledge and skills developed will help students to progress onto further study in the care sector. The qualification also helps to develop other transferable skills, such as research and communication skills that will be valuable in other life and work situations.

There are three units:

Unit R057: Health and well-being for child development

This is an examined unit set and marked by OCR.

In this unit students study topics including:

  • Preconception health and reproduction
  • Antenatal care and preparation for birth
  • Postnatal checks, postnatal care and the conditions for development 
  • Childhood illnesses and a child safe environment

Unit R058: Create a safe environment and understand the nutritional needs of children from birth to five years

This is assessed by a set assignment. In this unit students learn how to create a safe environment for children from birth to five years in childcare settings. They research and choose equipment that is suitable and safe for use, and learn about children’s nutrition and dietary needs.

Topics include:  

  • Creating a safe environment in a childcare setting
  • Choosing suitable equipment for a childcare setting 
  • Nutritional needs of children from birth to five years

Unit R059: Understand the development of a child from one to five years

This is assessed by a set assignment. Students learn the physical, intellectual and social developmental norms for children from one to five years. 

Topics include: 

  • Physical, intellectual and social developmental norms from one to five years 
  • Stages and types of play and how play benefits development
  • Observe the development of a child aged one to five years
  • Plan and evaluate play activities for a child aged one to five years for a chosen area of development



child development



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Students can gain further insight into the subject by watching and thinking about television series such as ‘Secret Life of 4 Year Olds’, ‘Hospital’ or ‘One Born Every Minute’.