KS4 Design and Technology

OCR Nationals in Engineering Design

Engineering design is a process used to develop and enhance new products and systems as a response to market opportunities. This qualification is an opportunity for students to develop a design specification and study the processes involved in designing new engineered products. They’ll use practical skills such as drawing, computer modelling and model making to communicate design ideas. The qualification will also encourage them to consult with a client and, with its practical focus, will engage them in producing, testing and evaluating a prototype in the form of a model.

The OCR Engineering Design course is split into 4 Assignment all weighted equally over 2 years. 

R105: Design briefs, design specifications and user requirements 

Written paper OCR set and marked 1 hour – 60 marks Students answer all questions

R106: Product analysis and research. Centre-assessed task, OCR moderated.

Students complete an assignment where they disassemble a product looking at how each component has been manufactured. Students need to look closely at how each of the components within the product work and how they interact with each other to make it successful. 

Students then evaluate the environmental impact of their product along with the current legislation.

R107: Developing and presenting engineering designs. Centre-assessed task, OCR moderated

Students Design a product to meet a context set by the exam board.

Students start by producing design ideas for a product before developing their design using computer modelling software. Students then modify and enrich their design looking at how it can be manufactured in detail. 

R108: 3D design realisation. Centre-assessed task, OCR moderated

Students complete a practical assignment to produce a 3D outcome from an engineering drawing. Students are assessed on their ability to work safely and produce their product with precision and accuracy.

Students then evaluate their product and suggest improvements.

GCSE Design and Technology

The WJEC Eduqas GCSE in Design and Technology offers a unique opportunity in the curriculum for learners to identify and solve real problems by designing and making products or systems. Through studying GCSE Design and Technology, learners will be prepared to participate confidently and successfully in an increasingly technological world; and be aware of, and learn from, wider influences on design and technology, including historical, social/cultural, environmental and economic factors.

The specification enables learners to work creatively when designing and making and apply technical and practical expertise.

Design and make task 

The Non-Exam Assessment is a sustained design and make task, based on a challenge set by the exam board, assessing the candidates’ ability to:

  • Identify, investigate and outline possibilities
  • Design and make prototypes
  • Analyse and evaluate design decisions and wider issues in design and technology.

Students are expected to produce a portfolio of work, and a prototype piece of practical work.


NEA: approximately 35 hours 

50% of qualification 100 marks


Design and Technology in the 21st Century

Written examination: 2 hours 

50% of qualification 100 marks

NCFE in Graphic Design

The Level 2 Technical Award in Graphic Design complements GCSE qualifications. It is aimed at 14-16 year olds studying Key Stage 4 curriculum who are interested in any aspect of graphic design, including sourcing ideas and design.

This qualification focuses on an applied study of the graphic design sector and learners will gain a broad understanding and knowledge of working in the sector.

This qualification has been designed to sit alongside the requirements of core GCSE subjects and is appropriate for learners who are motivated and challenged by learning through hands-on experiences and through content which is concrete and related directly to those experiences.

Unit 01 Introduction to graphic design

30 Marks

Internally assessed and externally moderated portfolio:

Interactive guide to the components of Graphic Design
Experimentation with the components of Graphic Design through mixed media and CAD.

Unit 02 Graphic design practice

30 Marks

Internally assessed and externally moderated portfolio:

Investigation into different disciplines and famous designers within Graphic Design industry. 
Analysis of key characteristics in the work of famous designers.
Application of skills to create a graphic product in the style of a chosen designer.

Unit 03 - Responding to a graphic design brief

30 Marks

Internally assessed and externally moderated portfolio:

Analysing a real-world graphic design task.
Experimenting with components of graphic design and developing these to create a solution to the graphic design problem.

Unit 04 - Graphic design portfolio

30 Marks

Internally assessed and externally moderated portfolio:

Investigating careers in Graphic Design industries.
Investigating portfolio formats to promote and present design work.
Produce a Graphic Design portfolio to showcase the learner’s best work.

Externally assessed practical exam (10 hours)




Useful Links 

All links to resources, useful websites and further reading are available through Google classroom for all groups once you have enrolled on the course.



All links to resources, useful websites and further reading are available through Google classroom for all groups once you have enrolled on the course.


BTEC Textiles Design

We deliver Textiles through the BTEC Level 1/Level 2 Tech Award in Art and Design Practice. The course is for learners who wish to acquire knowledge and technical skills through vocational contexts by studying the knowledge, skills and processes related to investigating, exploring and creating art and design work as part of their Key Stage 4 learning. This course allows students to experiment with Textile materials to produce high quality outcomes. 

The Award gives learners the opportunity to develop sector-specific knowledge and skills in a practical learning environment. The main focus is on four areas of equal importance, which cover:

  • knowledge that underpins effective use of skills, process and attitudes in the sector such as roles, responsibilities, creative process, art and design disciplines and approaches, materials, techniques and processes
  • development of key skills that prove aptitude in art and design practice, such as generating and visually communicating creative responses to art and design briefs 
  • process that underpins effective ways of working in art and design practice, such as generating ideas, prototyping, development, review and refinement
  • attitudes that are considered most important in art and design practice, including planning, organisation and communication.

Pearson BTEC Level 1/Level 2 Tech Award in Art and Design Practice consists of 3 formally assessed components:

Component 1

Generating Ideas in Art and Design : 36 hours, Level  1/2 : Internally assessed

Students research and investigate existing artists and designers and from their findings generate design ideas for products which respond to the given brief.  

Component 2

Develop Practical Skills in Art and Design:  36 hours, Level  1/2 : Internally assessed

Students follow iterative design process to develop their products to produce a working prototype. Students experiment with different materials, media and processes to explore possible outcomes for their design.

Component 3

Responding to a Client Brief: 48 hours, Level  1/2 : Externally assessed

The exam board provide students with a design context which students independently follow the iterative design process to produce a working prototype that meets the design brief. Students analyse and evaluate through the design process to justify their decisions and choices of their final outcome.